gtkmm - treestore

  • hi, ich schau mir grad gtkmm an und hab das treestore beispiel gefunden und blick auch schon recht gut durch... hat jemand eine idee wie ich in son row vor meinem text ein icon reinbau - ich will mir sone art kontaklist baun und dazu bräuchte ich des eben 🙂

    mfg blan

  • Hi,

    Du kannst mit Hilfe von Gtk::CellRendererPixbuf Icons davor anzeigen. Entweder du gibst den Icons eine eigene Spalte oder du machst es wie in der demo anwendung (Abschnitt Stockicon Browser)

    /* Stock Item and Icon Browser
     * The source code for this demo is only really useful
     * for the use of Gtk::TreeView, as it demonstrates a few
     * things not seen in other demos, such as packing multiple
     * renderers into one column and using Gtk::CellRendererPixbuf
     * successfully. The code for retrieving and displaying all
     * stock items probably won't be useful for the vast majority
     * of applications
    #include <gtkmm.h>
    class Example_StockBrowser: public Gtk::Window
      virtual ~Example_StockBrowser();
      //signal handlers:
      virtual void on_selection_changed();
      virtual Glib::RefPtr<Gtk::TreeModel> create_model();
      static Glib::ustring id_to_symbol(const Gtk::StockID& stockid); // convert StockID to Gtk::Stock symbol
      //Child widgets:
      Gtk::Frame m_Frame;
      Gtk::VBox m_VBox;
      Gtk::HBox m_HBox;
      Gtk::ScrolledWindow m_ScrolledWindow;
      Glib::RefPtr<Gtk::TreeModel> m_refTreeModel;
      Gtk::TreeView m_TreeView;
      Gtk::Alignment m_Alignment;
      Glib::RefPtr<Gtk::TreeSelection> m_refTreeSelection;
      Gtk::Label m_Label_Type;
      Gtk::Label m_Label_Symbol;
      Gtk::Label m_Label_ID;
      Gtk::Label m_Label_Accel;
      Gtk::Image m_Image;
      struct ModelColumns : public Gtk::TreeModel::ColumnRecord
        Gtk::TreeModelColumn< Glib::RefPtr<Gdk::Pixbuf> >  icon;
        Gtk::TreeModelColumn<Glib::ustring>                symbol;
        Gtk::TreeModelColumn<Glib::ustring>                label;
        Gtk::TreeModelColumn<Glib::ustring>                accel;
        Gtk::TreeModelColumn<Gtk::StockID>                 id;
        ModelColumns() { add(icon); add(symbol); add(label); add(accel); add(id); }
      const ModelColumns m_columns;
    Gtk::Window* do_stock_browser()
      return new Example_StockBrowser();
      m_Frame("Selected Item"),
      m_VBox(false, 8),
      m_HBox(false, 8),
      m_Alignment(Gtk::ALIGN_CENTER, Gtk::ALIGN_TOP, 0.0, 0.0)
      set_title("Stock Icons and Items");
      set_default_size(-1, 500);
      m_ScrolledWindow.set_policy(Gtk::POLICY_NEVER, Gtk::POLICY_AUTOMATIC);
      m_HBox.pack_start(m_ScrolledWindow, Gtk::PACK_SHRINK);
      // create the TreeModel with all the stock item data in it
      m_refTreeModel = create_model();
      // create the TreeView, associate the TreeModel with it
      m_TreeView .set_model(m_refTreeModel);
      // add columns to the TreeView, mapping model Columns to TreeView m_columns::
      { //The pixbuf/text column:
        Gtk::TreeView::Column* pColumn = Gtk::manage( new Gtk::TreeView::Column("Symbol") );  //We specify the renderer(s) after construction.
        // The icon/symbol column uses two CellRenderers: Here we see why Gtk::TreeView is so good
        // m_columns.icon and m_columns.symbol are columns in the model. pColumn is the column in the TreeView:
        pColumn->pack_start(m_columns.icon, false);
      // the label column
      m_TreeView.append_column("Label", m_columns.label); //Defaults to CellRendererText for a string model column.
      // the accelerator column
      m_TreeView.append_column("Accelerator", m_columns.accel); //Defaults to CellRendererText for a string model column.
      // the ID column
      m_TreeView.append_column("ID",; //Defaults to CellRendererText for a string model column.
      m_VBox.pack_start(m_Label_Type, Gtk::PACK_SHRINK);
      m_VBox.pack_start(m_Image, Gtk::PACK_SHRINK);
      m_VBox.pack_start(m_Label_Accel, Gtk::PACK_SHRINK);
      m_VBox.pack_start(m_Label_Symbol, Gtk::PACK_SHRINK);
      m_VBox.pack_start(m_Label_ID, Gtk::PACK_SHRINK);
      m_refTreeSelection = m_TreeView.get_selection();
          sigc::mem_fun(*this, &Example_StockBrowser::on_selection_changed));
    Glib::RefPtr<Gtk::TreeModel> Example_StockBrowser::create_model()
      Glib::RefPtr<Gtk::ListStore> refStore = Gtk::ListStore::create(m_columns);
      refStore->set_sort_column(, Gtk::SORT_ASCENDING);
      // obtain the ids of all stock items
      typedef std::vector<Gtk::StockID> type_vecIDs;
      type_vecIDs vecIDs = Gtk::Stock::get_ids();
      // iterate through them, populating the ListStore as appropriate
      for(type_vecIDs::const_iterator iterIDs = vecIDs.begin(); iterIDs != vecIDs.end(); ++iterIDs)
        const Gtk::StockID& stockid = *iterIDs;
        // Add a new empty row to the ListStore:
        Gtk::TreeModel::Row row = *(refStore->append());
        // Populate ID and symbol columns:
        row[]     = stockid;
        row[m_columns.symbol] = id_to_symbol(stockid);
        // get a Gtk::StockItem object for use:
        Gtk::StockItem item;
        if(Gtk::Stock::lookup(stockid, item))
          // Populate Accel column, if the stock item has an accelerator key.
          if(const unsigned int keyval = item.get_keyval())
            row[m_columns.accel] = Gtk::AccelGroup::name(keyval, item.get_modifier());
          row[m_columns.label] = item.get_label();
        // Populate icon column:
        row[m_columns.icon] = render_icon(stockid, Gtk::ICON_SIZE_MENU);
      return refStore;
    /* gtk-foo-bar -> Gtk::Stock::FOO_BAR
    Glib::ustring Example_StockBrowser::id_to_symbol(const Gtk::StockID& stockid)
      static const char prefix[] = "gtk-";
      const size_t prefix_length = sizeof(prefix) - 1;
      const Glib::ustring id = stockid.get_string();
      Glib::ustring::const_iterator id_pos = id.begin();
      Glib::ustring scope;
      if((id.length() >= prefix_length) && (, prefix_length, prefix) == 0))
        scope = "Gtk::Stock::";
        // This does not work with the SUN Forte compiler:
        // "/opt/SUNWspro/WS6U2/include/CC/Cstd/rw/iterator", 
        // line 331: Error: Could not find a match for 
        // std::__iterator_category<std::T>(Glib::ustring_Iterator<const char*>).
        // "", line 186:     Where: While instantiating 
        // "std::advance<Glib::ustring_Iterator<const char*>, unsigned>(Glib::ustring_Iterator<const char*>&, unsigned)".
        // "", line 186:     Where: Instantiated from non-template code.
        // std::advance(id_pos, prefix_length);
        // So we do this instead:
        for(Glib::ustring::size_type i = 0; i < prefix_length; ++i)
      Glib::ustring symbol;
      std::replace_copy(id_pos, id.end(), std::back_inserter(symbol), gunichar('-'), gunichar('_'));
      return scope + symbol.uppercase();
    // triggered when TreeView selection changes
    void Example_StockBrowser::on_selection_changed()
      // put all the nice data stuff in the box on the right
      // Access the model "row" corresponding to the selected TreeView "row".
      if(const Gtk::TreeModel::iterator iter = m_refTreeSelection->get_selected())
        const Gtk::TreeModel::Row row = *iter;
        // get the data out of the model
        const Gtk::StockID stockid = row[];
        const Glib::ustring symbol = row[m_columns.symbol];
        const Glib::ustring accel  = row[m_columns.accel];
        const Glib::ustring label  = row[m_columns.label];
        const Glib::RefPtr<Gdk::Pixbuf> icon = row[m_columns.icon];
        // Show what data was available:
        const char* type_text = "???????";
        if(!label.empty() && icon)  type_text = "Icon and Item";
        else if(icon)               type_text = "Icon Only";
        else if(!label.empty())     type_text = "Item Only";
        m_Label_Accel.set_text_with_mnemonic(label + ' ' + accel);
        if(icon) //If there's a stock icon:
          // find the largest size the icon comes in:
          const Gtk::IconSet iconset = Gtk::IconSet::lookup_default(stockid);
          typedef std::vector<Gtk::IconSize> type_vecSizes;
          type_vecSizes sizes = iconset.get_sizes();
          Gtk::IconSize best_size = Gtk::ICON_SIZE_INVALID;
          int biggest_pixelcount = 0;
          for(type_vecSizes::const_iterator psize = sizes.begin(); psize != sizes.end(); ++psize)
            int width  = 0;
            int height = 0;
            Gtk::IconSize::lookup(*psize, width, height);
            if(width * height > biggest_pixelcount)
              biggest_pixelcount = width * height;
              best_size = *psize;
          m_Image.set(stockid, best_size);
        m_Label_Type.set_text("No selected item");

  • So nu klappts auch mit dem darstellen *g* 😃

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